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Howard R. Ernst, Ph.D.

 

United States Naval Academy

Political Science Department

589 McNair Road, Annapolis, MD 21402

Office (410) 293-6872  Home 410 349-8188

Email: ernst@usna.edu

Website: www.howardernst.com

 

Professional Appointments           

United States Naval Academy, Political Science Department

Associate Professor (2005 - present)

Assistant Professor (2000-2005)

           

University of Virginia, Center for Politics

Senior Scholar (2002 - present)

Visiting Scholar (1999-2002)

 

            Gettysburg College, Eisenhower Institute

                        Environmental Policy Fellow (2010 – present)

 

Education

            University Of Virginia, Ph.D., Political Science (2000)   

            The American University, MA, Political Science, Dean’s Award (1996)

            Lehigh University, BA, American Government, High Honors (1993)     

 
Teaching and Research Areas

Primary Areas of Concentration:

Environmental Politics & Policy

Natural Resources Management

Environmental Ethics

Secondary Areas of Interest:

American Government

Interest Group Politics

Parties and Elections

 

 

 Publications

Books 

Ernst, Howard R. 2009. Fight for the Bay: Why a Dark Green Environmental Awakening Is Needed to Save the Chesapeake Bay.  Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

 

Doherty, Brendan J., Howard R. Ernst, Stephen E. Frantzich, and Priscilla H. Machado Zotti, contributing eds. 2009.  Clash of Ideals: Cases in American Political Development. Baltimore, MD: Lanahan Publishers, Inc.

 

Frantzich, Stephen E. and Howard R. Ernst. 2008. The Political Science Toolbox: A Research Companion to American Government. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

 

Sabato, Larry J. and Howard R. Ernst, eds. 2006. Encyclopedia of American Political Parties and Elections. New York: Facts on File, Inc.

 

Ernst, Howard R. 2003. Chesapeake Bay Blues: Science, Politics, and the Struggle to Save the Bay. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

 

Sabato, Larry J., Howard R. Ernst, and Bruce A. Larson, contributing eds. 2001. Dangerous Democracy? The Battle over Ballot Initiatives in America.  Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.          

  

Chapters

Mills, Brendon J. and Howard R. Ernst (forthcoming). “Whaler Warriors Reconsidered:

Understanding Fourth Generation Eco-Extremism in the Modern Media Age.” In Maritime Private Security: Market Responses to Piracy, Terrorism and Waterborne Risks in the 21st Century, edited by Claude Berube and Patrick Cullen. Under review by Stanford University Press.

 

Ernst, Howard R. (forthcoming). “Chesapeake Bay: Cooperative Management, Environmental Decline, and the Political Dead Zone.” In Regional Planning Comes of Age, edited by Carleton Montgomery. Brunswick, NJ:  Rutgers University Press.

 

Ernst, Howard R. 2009. “Popular Sovereignty v. Rule of Law: The Philosophical Foundations of the Dorr War, 1842.” In Clash of Ideals: Cases in American Political Development, edited by Brendan J. Doherty, Howard R. Ernst, Stephen E. Frantzich, and Priscilla H. Machado Zotti. Baltimore, MD: Lanahan Publishers, Inc.

 

Ernst, Howard R. 2001. “The Historical Role of Narrow-Material Interests in Initiative Politics.” In Dangerous Democracy? The Battle over Ballot Initiatives in America, edited by Larry J. Sabato, Howard R. Ernst, and Bruce A. Larson. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

 

Sabato, Larry J., Howard R. Ernst, and Bruce A. Larson. 2001. “A Call for Change: Making the Best of Initiative Politics.” In Dangerous Democracy? The Battle over Ballot Initiatives in America, edited by Larry J. Sabato, Howard R. Ernst, and Bruce A. Larson. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

 

Refereed Articles

Ernst, Howard R. 2008. “A Call to Arms: Thomas Dorr’s Forceful Effort to Implement the People’s Constitution.” Rhode Island History (Vol. 66, No. 3, pp. 59-80).

 

Finkel, Stephen and Howard R. Ernst. 2005. “Civic Education and the Development of Political Knowledge and Democratic Orientations in Post-Apartheid South Africa.” Political Psychology (Vol. 26, No. 3, pp. 333-364).

 

Ernst, Howard R. and Tracey Ernst. 2005. “The Promise and Pitfalls of Differentiated Instruction for Undergraduate Political Science Courses: Student and Instructor Impressions of an Unconventional Teaching Strategy.” The Journal of Political Science Education (January-April: Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 39-57).

 

Ernst, Howard R. 1993.  “Talking to Myself.” The Lehigh Review (Vol. 2, pp. 5-11).

 

Book and Article Reviews

Ernst, Howard R. 2008. “Useless Math or Dangerous Math?” A review of Linda Pilkey-Jarvis and Orrin Pilkey’s essay “Useless Arithmetic: Ten Points to Ponder When Using Mathematical Models in Environmental Decision Making.” Public Administration Review (May/June: Vol. 68, No 3, 46-50).

 

Ernst, Howard (2001-2005). Choice Magazine. Book reviewer for Choice Magazine.

 

 

     Professional Journal Article

Ernst, Howard R. 2004. “Chesapeake Bay Blues.” The Public Manager (Spring/Summer: Vol. 33, No.1).

 

Study Guides

Ernst, Howard R., editor and author. 2003. Classic Documents in American Politics (Electronic Study Guide). Cincinnati, OH: Atomic Dog Publishing.

 

Belanger, Jon, Douglas Brattebo, and Howard Ernst. 2001. American Government Interactive: Study Series (CD-ROM study guide). IA: Kendall/Hunt Publishing.

     

Popular

Howard Ernst (November 21, 2009). “A Ray of Hope for the Chesapeake Bay.” The Capital (editorial).

 

Winegrad, Gerald W. and Howard Ernst (May 24, 2008). “A Bay Full of Broken Promises.” Washington Post (editorial).

 

Kennedy, Robert F. Jr. and Howard Ernst (January 24, 2008). “Maryland’s Dirty Secrets.” Baltimore Sun (editorial).

 

Ernst, Howard (January/February 2006). “More Willpower, Less Wishful Thinking Needed for Bay Cleanup.” Bay Journal (editorial).

 

Ernst, Howard (June 9, 2005). “Take a 1,000 Year Lease on the Bay.” Bay Weekly (editorial).

 

Ernst, Howard (October 17, 2004). “Why the Chesapeake Isn’t Getting Better.” Washington Post (editorial).

 

Ernst, Howard (April, 2004). “Bay Program Must Account for Overstated Numbers.” Bay Journal (editorial).

 

Ernst, Howard (December 11, 2003). “Imagine…” Bay Weekly (editorial).

 

Ernst, Howard (October, 2003). “In Latest Struggle over Sensible Regulations, Crabs End Up Losers.” Bay Journal (editorial).

 

Ernst, Howard (June 26, 2003). “Down the Drain.” Baltimore Sun (editorial).

 

Reviews of Ernst’s Publications

Fight for the Bay: Why a Dark Green Environmental Awakening I Needed to Save the Chesapeake Bay:

      Donna Seaman, Booklist (December 1, 2009)

 

Publishers Weekly (November 30, 2009)

 

Pamela Wood, The Capital (September 20, 2009)

 

Chesapeake Bay Blues: Science, Politics, and the Struggle to Save the Bay:

Wayne H. Bell, Ecological Restoration (December 2004; Vol. 23: No. 4, 309-310).

 

Angus Phillips, Washington Post (September 26, 2004; Section E11).

 

Clifford E. Knapp, Journal of Environmental Education (January, 2004)

 

Roger A. Burke, Journal of Environmental Quality (July-August 2004; Vol. 33:1581).

 

Grace Bush, Ecology (February 2004; Vol. 85:580-581).

     

      Sara Ebenreck and Sandra O. Martin, Bay Weekly (August 14, 2003).

 

Susan E. Bazer, Library Journal (May 1, 2003).

 

Tom Horton, The Baltimore Sun (April 4, 2003).

 

Karl Blankenship, Bay Journal (December, 2002).

 

Dangerous Democracy: The Battle Over Ballot Initiatives in America:

Tim Sass, Public Choice (March 2003; Vol. 114: 494-498).

 

Michael G. Hagen, Congress & the Presidency (Autumn 2002; Vol. 29, No. 2,).

 

Invited Academic Lectures

Hiram College, (OH), May 5, 2010, “Environmental Values, Policy, and the Political Deadzone.” Sponsored by the Center for the Study of Ethics and Values.  

 

University of Maryland (MD), March 22, 2010, “Who Will Tell the People: The Fall of Environmental Journalisms.” Sponsored by the Philip Merrill College of Journalism.

 

Gettysburg College (PA), March 18, 2010, “Fight For the Bay Book Talk.” Sponsored by the Eisenhower Institute. 

 

Case Western Reserve University (OH), November 20, 2009, “Environmental Values, Policy, and the Political Deadzone.” Sponsored by the Inomori International Center for Ethics and Excellence.

 

University of Maryland School of Law (MD), November 10, 2009. “Light Greens, Dark Greens and the Quest for Environmental Rights.” Sponsored by the University of Maryland Environmental Law Society.

 

Johns Hopkins University (MD), December 2, 2008, “A New Era of Environmental Policy: What the 2008 Election Means for Environmental Policy.” Sponsored by the Odyssey Program, Liberal Arts Programs for Adults. 

 

Gettysburg College (PA), October 31, 2008, “Vote like the World Depends on It: The Environment and the 2008 Presidential Election.” Sponsored by the Eisenhower Institute.  

 

The New River Symposium, (VA), May 31, 2007, “What Environmental Politics Means for the Protection of the New River.” Sponsored by Radford University.

                         

The Center for the Study of Democracy, (MD) March 3, 2007, “Protecting the Chesapeake Bay in the 21st Century.” Sponsored by St. Mary’s College of Maryland.

 

United States Air Force Academy (CO) October 13, 2006, “Beyond the One Size Fits All Approach to Education: Applied Differentiation and Political Science Instruction.” Sponsored by the Political Science Department.

 

St. Mary’s College (MD) November 15, 2005, “Environmental Management: In Search of Accountability” Sponsored by the Biology Department.  

 

University of Maryland (MD), October 27, 2005, “A Critique of the Voluntary Approach to Environmental Protection.” Co-Sponsored by University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science (Appalachian Laboratory) and the Maryland Humanities Council. 

 

New York University School of Law (NY), September 27, 2004, “Political Interests, Bureaucratic Culture, and Environmental Degradation: Lessons from the Chesapeake.” Sponsored by New York University School of Law.

 

Randolph Macon College (VA) July 8, 2004, “Chesapeake Bay Blues: Why the Voluntary Approach to Environmental Protection Has Not Worked.” Sponsored by the Chemistry Department.

 

           Catholic University (DC) April 26, 2004, “Environmental Restoration as a Collective Action

Problem: Lessons form the Chesapeake Bay.” Co-sponsored by the Center for the Study of Energy and Environmental Stewardship and the Center for International Social Development.

 

Hood College (MD) April 4, 2004, “Environmental Restoration as a Collective Action Problem: Lessons form the Chesapeake Bay.” Co-Sponsored by Environmental Studies Honors Program and the Maryland Humanities Council.  

 

Johns Hopkins University (MD) January 27, 2004, “Voluntary and Cooperative v. Do Little and Delay: Making the Case for Environmental Regulations.” Sponsored by the Department of Geography and Environmental Engineering.

 

St. Mary’s College (MD) November 18, 2003, “Current Decisions and Future Generations: Understanding Environmental Politics Through Thought Experiments.” Co-sponsored by the Political Science Department, Environmental Studies Program, the Potomac River Alliance, and the Maryland Humanities Council.       

 

University of Maryland (MD) November 5, 2003, “Conflict, Compromise, Competition, and Consensus: Understanding the Role of Science in the Chesapeake Bay Restoration Effort.” Sponsored by the Center for Environmental Science (Horn Point Biological Laboratory).

 

Yale University (CT) November 4, 2003, The Science and Politics of Eutrophication.” Sponsored by the School of Forestry and Environmental Studies.

 

Washington College (MD) October 23, 2003, The Politics of Environmental Restoration: Lessons from the Chesapeake Bay.” Co-sponsored by the Center for the Environment and Society and the Joseph A. McLain Program in Environmental Studies.

 

 

University of Virginia (VA) September 22, 2003, “The Politics of Environmental Degradation: How Politics Derailed the Chesapeake Bay Restoration Effort.” Sponsored by the Center for Politics.

 

Smithsonian Research Center (MD) August 13, 2003, “An Argument against the Collaborative, Consensus Based Approach to Environmental Restoration.” Sponsored by the Chesapeake Research Consortium.                                                                                                                                                

 

Conference /Seminar/Book Festival Participation

“The World’s Waters.” Panelist at the Annapolis Book Festival (2010)

 

“Our Planet in Peril.” Panelist at the Virginia Festival of the Book, Charlottesville, VA (2010)

 

“The Clean Water Act and the Chesapeake Bay.” Presenter and discussant at the Clean Water Week Conference, Clean Water Network, Washington, DC (2007).

 

“The Development of Democracy in the United States: The Case of Mid-19th Century Rhode Island.” Presenter and discussant at United States Air Force Academy, Political Science Department (2006).         

      “Overcoming Obstacles to Environmental Challenges.” Keynote presenter at Environment Virginia

      2005: Environmental Strategies for One Virginia, Virginia Military Institute (2005).

 

“The Political Life of Environmental Goals: Lessons from the Chesapeake Bay.” Presenter at the First National Conference on Ecosystem Restoration: Defining Success and Setting Objectives, Orlando, FL (2004)

 

“The Essence of Human Nature: Personal Morality and Politics.” Keynote presenter at the City of Annapolis Civility Conference: Promoting the Common Good” (2004).                                       

 

“Applied Differentiation in the Political Science Classroom.” Paper presenter, Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Section 10-05 (2003).

 

“Marine Policy and Environmental Politics.” Discussant, Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Section 39-2 (2003).

 

“The Political Life of the Chesapeake Bay.” Discussant, Center for Ecosystem Science and Policy at the University of Miami (2003).

 

“National Scholars’ Conference.” Guest participant, Center for Civic Education (2002).

 

“Civic Education and the Development of Political Knowledge and Democratic Orientations in Post-Apartheid South Africa.” Paper presenter, Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association (2001).

       

           

            “Ballot Initiatives and Campaign Finance: The Influence of Money.” Paper presenter, National Direct Democracy Conference, University of Virginia (2000).

           

“Ballot Initiatives and the Political Consulting Industry.” Moderator, National Direct Democracy Conference, University of Virginia (2000).

 

 

 

Administrative Experience

      Positions

            Environmental Politics and Policy, Univ. Virginia’s Center for Politics (2002 - present)

Represent the Center in Environmental Matters: academic lectures, public lectures, publications, conference participation, and media interviews

 

            Assessment, Committee Chair (2006 - present)

Direct Assessment for USNA’s Political Science Department: design and implement assessment plans, oversee faculty implementation of assessment plans

 

            Faculty Senate, Elected by the Faculty (2009-present)

                        Advise the Naval Academy administration on issues of importance to the academic community

 

            American Government and Constitutional Development, Coordinator (2003 - 2009)

Direct USNA’s core course: curriculum development, assessment, instructional oversight (1,250 students annually), faculty development and oversight (10 Instructors)

 

      Committees

            Naval Academy Research Committee (2007 – present)

            Political Science Department Library Liaison (2001 – 2006)

The National Honor Society of Collegiate Scholars (2004-2006)

Curriculum Committee (2003-2005)

Hiring Committee (2005, 2008)

Faculty Development Committee (2001 – 2004)

            American Government Essay Contest (2000 –2004)

Library Subcommittee (2001 – 2004)

Pi Sigma Alpha (2001 – 2003)

            Faculty Development Speakers Series (2001 – 2003)

Departmental Research Colloquium (2002 – 2003)

 

Governmental Activity

      The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Nutrient Criteria Committee, May 17th 2005

 “Critique of the Collaborative / Voluntary Approach to Environmental Protection.” Led a seminar discussion of the major findings of Chesapeake Bay Blues.

 

            U.S. House of Representatives, Committee on Resources, December 13, 2004

“The Chesapeake Bay: A Collective Action Problem.” Testimony given to the Subcommittee on Fisheries Conservation, Wildlife and Oceans at a special oversight hearing in Annapolis, Maryland.

 

           Mandel Commission on Government Efficiency (MD) September 12, 2003

“Efficiency v. Effectiveness: Suggestions for Improving Environmental Protection in Maryland.”

            Testimony given to a gubernatorial commission of the State of Maryland.

 

Public Lectures  

Shadyside Rural Heritage Society (3/3/10)

Annapolis Maritime Museum (1/28/10)

Bay Hundred Foundation (1/16/10)

Sip N’Blog (1/14/10)

Chesapeake Bay Foundation (12/11/09)

Terrapin Institute (11/16/09)

Anacostia Watershed Society (11/12/09)

Watershed Stewardship Academy (11/6/09)

Maryland Humanities Council Speaker’s Bureau (2001-2005)

Chesapeake Rivers Association (9/15/05)

Bay Weekly Living Waters Lecture (6/01/05)

O’Malley Senior Center (4/22/05)

Chester River Association (6/25/04)

Oxford Community Center (4/14/04)

Severn Town Club (4/15/04)

Adkins Arboretum (4/5/04)

Amberley Anglers (3/3004)

Virginia Festival of the Book (3/25/04)

Broad Street Books (3/1804)

Chesapeake Bay Foundation (2/25/04)

Chesapeake Bay Program's (EPA) Citizens Advisory Committee (2/20/04)

East Coast Commercial Fishermen's & Aquaculture Trade Exposition (02/08/04)

Assateague Coastal Trust (02/08/04)

Clean Water Action (01/07/04)

Chesapeake Environmental Protection Association (11/25/03)

Anne Arundel County Sediment Control Workshop (11/24/03)

Maryland Land Trust (11/21/03)

Assistance League of the Chesapeake (11/14/03)

South River Federation (10/20/03)

The Hill, Book Fair (10/08/03)

Society of Environmental Toxicology & Chemistry, Chesapeake Chapter  (08/02/03)

Maryland Department of Natural Resources, Monitoring and Non-Tidal Team (09/25/03)

Able Foundation, Singapore Dinner Group (09/24/03)

Maryland Department of Natural Resources, Tributary Strategies Teams (09/09/03)

Severn River Association (08/19/03)

The National Association of Environmental Professionals (07/10/03)

Maryland League of Conservation Voters (06/24/03)

Chesapeake Bay Commission (09/05/02)

 

Honors, Awards, and Grants

            Phillip D. Reed Memorial Award for Outstanding Environmental Writing, runner up (2010) 

            Eco Violence Wiki Grant (S2010)

            Illicit Trading of Endangered Species Wiki Grant (S2009)

            United States Naval Academy Recognition Grant (S2009)

            USNA/Syracuse Collaborative Learning Using Wiki Grant (S2008)

            United States Naval Academy Recognition Grant (S2008)

            Visiting Professor, St. Mary’s College, MD (S2007)

            Distinguished Visiting Professor, U.S. Air Force Academy (F2006)

            United States Naval Academy Recognition Grant (S2006)

            American Government Text (Research Award), UVA Center for Politics (F2005)

            Naval Academy Research Council Grant (2001 – 2005)

            APGAR Teaching Award (Honorable Mention), USNA (2004)

             Bay Hero 2004, Selected by the Bay Weekly Newspaper (2004)

            Pi Sigma Alpha Chapter Activity Grant (2003)                                                             

            Kendall/Hunt Research Grant (2001)                                                                            

             University of Virginia School of Arts and Sciences Dissertation Fellowship (1999 – 2002)

            Visiting Scholar at the University of Virginia Center for Politics (1999 – 2000)

            University of Virginia Government Department Dissertation Fellowship (1998 – 1999)

            University of Virginia Bradley Fellowship (1996 – 1998)

             University of Virginia Governor’s Fellowship (1996 – 1998)

            University of Virginia W.W. Morton Scholarship (1996 – 1998)

            American University Dean's Award for Outstanding Graduate Scholarship (1996)

            Lehigh University Graduation with High Honors (1993)

            Lehigh University William’s Senior Essay Contest Winner (1993)

     Lehigh University Scholarship (1989 – 93)

 

Professional Membership

            American Political Science Association, (APSA) (2000 – present)

            APSA Section, Science, Technology, and Environmental Politics (2002 – present)

            APSA Section, Politics and History (2005 – present)

 

Manuscript Reviewer

            Global Environmental Politics, manuscript reviewer (2006)

             Journal of Political Science Education, manuscript reviewer (2005)

            Social Science Quarterly, manuscript reviewer (2005)

 

Advisory Boards

            Severn River Association, Annapolis, MD (2009-present)

            Center for the Study of Local Issues, Anne Arundel Community College (2003 – present)

        Chesapeake Rivers Association, Annapolis, MD (2003 – 2009)

            Maryland Department of Natural Resources Outdoor Caucus (2003 – 2006)

            Books for International Goodwill, Annapolis, MD (2001 – 2006)

 

Student Advising

  Major Advising, Average 20 Students per Year (2000 – present)         

  Honors Advising, Average 2 Student per Year (2000 – present)

  First Year Student Advising, Average 18 Students per Year (2000 – 02)

 

Professional Training                                                

           American University’s Lobbying Institute (1996)

American University’s Campaign Management Institute (1995)

 

Community Service                                                                                             

           Severn River Association 100 Year Film (director), Annapolis, MD (2010)

           Books for International Goodwill (Volunteer), Annapolis, MD (2000 – 2006)

          Student Run Voter Registration Drive (Faculty Sponsor), Annapolis, MD (2002 – 2005)

           Spring Break Service Trip (Faculty Leader), Port Isobel Island, VA (2002 – 2003)

           Spring Break Service Trip (Faculty Leader), Standing Rock Indian Reservation, ND (2001)           

           Literacy Volunteers of America (Tutor), Charlottesville, VA (1996 – 2000)

           Higher Achievement Program (Tutor), Washington, D.C. (1995 – 1996)

           Salvation Army (Tutor), Bethlehem, PA (1992 – 1993)   

    

Travel               

Traveled to over twenty countries, including: Brazil, Canada, China, Costa Rica, Great

Britain, Hong Kong, India, Japan, Kenya, Malaysia, South Africa, Singapore, and Thailand.

 

References                                                                                                            

Professor Steven Frantzich, United States Naval Academy, 589 McNair Road, Annapolis, MD 21402, (410) 293-6865, frantzic@usna.edu

 

           Professor Larry Sabato, 2400 Old Ivy Road, P.O. Box 400806, Charlottesville, VA 22904,                     (434) 243-8476, sabato@virginia.edu

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