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Why we lose (part 1)

posted Nov 28, 2010, 5:56 PM by Howard Ernst   [ updated Nov 28, 2010, 6:19 PM ]

Maryland Political Contributions (2010)

MD. House of Delegates:       $ 20,419,460.34

MD. State Senate:                   $ 11,529,149.72

MD. Governor:                       $ 18,777,841.15


Top Political Contributors from Environmental Groups (MD 2010)

Chesapeake Bay Foundation $0

River Keeper Groups $0

Sierra Club $750

MD. League of Conservation Voters $9,800



Sample Contributions from One Industry Group (2010)

Farm Bureau PAC MD                                                  $5000      O’Malley, Martin

MARYLAND FARM BUEAU PAC                               $300        Frank, Bill

MARYLAND FARM BUREAU                                    $300        Valderrama, Kris

MARYLAND FARM BUREAU PAC                            $300        Kach, Wade

MARYLAND FARM BUREAU PAC                            $300        McDonough, Pat

MARYLAND FARM BUREAU PAC                            $300        Muse, C. Anthony

MARYLAND FARM BUREAU PAC                            $500        Stull, Paul S.

MARYLAND FARM BUREAU, PAC                           $300        McFadden, Nathaniel J.

MARYLAND FARM BUREAU, PAC                           $300        Impallaria, Richard

MARYLAND FARM BUREAU, PAC                           $500        Cluster, John

MARYLAND FARM BUREAU, PAC                           $300        Donoghue, John

MARYLAND FARM BUREAU, PAC                           $500        Ramirez, Victor

MARYLAND FARM BUREAU, PAC                           $300        Haynes, Keith E.

MARYLAND FARM BUREAU, PAC                           $300        Pipkin, E.J.

MARYLAND FARM BUREAU, PAC                           $300        Morhaim, Dan

MD Farm Bureau PAC                                                  $300        Kasemeyer, Ed

MD Farm Bureau PAC                                                  $300        Mooney, (Alexander)

MD Farm Bureau, PAC                                                 $500        Robinson, Jeff

Maryalnd Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $1000      Getty, Joe

Maryalnd Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $1000      Getty, Joe

Maryalnd Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $500        Getty, Joe

Maryland Farm Bureau                                                 $300        Shank, Chris

Maryland Farm Bureau                                                 $300        Conway, Norman H.

Maryland Farm Bureau                                                 $300        Wood, John F. Jr.

Maryland Farm Bureau                                                 $500        Darrow, Sylvia

Maryland Farm Bureau                                                 $300        Kullen, (Sue) F

Maryland Farm Bureau                                                 $300        Robinson, Barbara A.

Maryland Farm Bureau                                                 $800        Manno, Roger

Maryland Farm Bureau                                                 $1300      Schulz, Kelly

Maryland Farm Bureau                                                 $500        O’Donnell, Tony

Maryland Farm Bureau                                                 $300        Kaiser, (Anne) F

Maryland Farm Bureau                                                 $300        Kelly, Kevin

Maryland Farm Bureau                                                 $500        Conway, Norman H.

Maryland Farm Bureau                                                 $100        Rudolph, David

Maryland Farm Bureau                                                 $300        Rudolph, David C

Maryland Farm Bureau                                                 $500        Dyson, Roy

Maryland Farm Bureau PAC                                         $500        Hammen, Peter A.

Maryland Farm Bureau PAC                                         $300        Malone, James E. Jr.

Maryland Farm Bureau PAC                                         $300        Davis, Dereck

Maryland Farm Bureau PAC                                         $300        Glassman, Barry

Maryland Farm Bureau PAC                                         $300         Robinson, Barbara A.

Maryland Farm Bureau PAC                                         $300         Glassman, Barry

Maryland Farm Bureau PAC                                         $300         Turner, Frank S.

Maryland Farm Bureau PAC                                         $300         Stukes, Melvin L.

Maryland Farm Bureau PAC                                         $300         Clagett, Galen

Maryland Farm Bureau PAC                                         $300         Clagett, Galen

Maryland Farm Bureau PAC                                         $300         Myers, LeRoy Jr.

Maryland Farm Bureau PAC                                         $500         Conway, Joan Carter

Maryland Farm Bureau PAC                                         $300         McComas, Susan K.

Maryland Farm Bureau PAC                                         $300         Costa, Bob

Maryland Farm Bureau PAC                                         $500         Reilly, Ed

Maryland Farm Bureau PAC                                         $500         Miller, Mike

Maryland Farm Bureau PAC                                         $300         Elliott, Donald B.

Maryland Farm Bureau PAC                                         $5000       Ehrlich, Bob

Maryland Farm Bureau PAC                                         $300         Peters, Douglas J.J.

Maryland Farm Bureau PAC                                         $300         Kirk, Ruth M.

Maryland Farm Bureau PAC                                         $300         Smigiel, Mike

Maryland Farm Bureau PAC                                         $300         Simonaire, Bryan

Maryland Farm Bureau PAC                                         $300         Jacobs, Nancy

Maryland Farm Bureau PAC                                         $300         Weir, Mike Jr.

Maryland Farm Bureau PAC                                         $500         Middleton, Thomas “Mac” S

Maryland Farm Bureau PAC                                         $300          Kirk, Ruth M.

Maryland Farm Bureau PAC                                         $300          Smigiel, Mike

Maryland Farm Bureau PAC                                         $300          Simonaire, Bryan

Maryland Farm Bureau PAC                                         $300          Jacobs, Nancy

Maryland Farm Bureau PAC                                         $250          Davis, Dereck

Maryland Farm Bureau PAC                                         $300          Davis, Dereck

Maryland Farm Bureau PAC                                         $100          Malone, James E. Jr.

Maryland Farm Bureau PAC                                         $500          Hodge, Gary V.

Maryland Farm Bureau PAC                                         $500          King, Nancy

Maryland Farm Bureau PAC                                         $300          Jameson, Sally

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $300          Murphy, Peter

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $300          McConkey, (Tony)

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $300          Holmes, Marvin E.

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $300          Munson, Don

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $300          Sossi, Richard

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $300          Proctor, Jim

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $500          Forehand, Jennie

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $300          Beidle, Pam

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $1000        Beidle, Pam

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $500          Colburn, (Richard)

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $300          Edwards, George C.

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $500          Forehand, Jennie

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $300          Beidle, Pam

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $1000        Beidle, Pam

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $500          Colburn, (Richard)

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $300          Edwards, George C.

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $300          James, M-D

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $300          Bohanan Jr., John L.

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $300          Beitzel, Wendell

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $300          Turner, Veronica

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $300          Turner, Veronica

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $300          Hooe, Joe

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $300          Lafferty, (Stephen)

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $300          Ivey, Jolene

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $300          Schuh, Steve

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $300          Kramer, Ben

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $300          Astle, John C.

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $500          Brinkley, David

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $500          Vitale, Cathleen

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $500          McIntosh, Maggie

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $300          McIntosh, Maggie

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $300          Della, George W. Jr.

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $300           Hooe, Joe

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $300           Lafferty, (Stephen)

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $300           Ivey, Jolene

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $300           Schuh, Steve

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $300           Kramer, Ben

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $300           Astle, John C.

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $500           Brinkley, David

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $500           Vitale, Cathleen

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $500           McIntosh, Maggie

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $300           McIntosh, Maggie

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $300           Della, George W. Jr.

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $300           Stifler, Donna

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $300           Bates, Gail

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $500           Kittleman, Allan

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $300           Riley, (B. Daniel)

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $500           Currie, Ulysses

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $300           Niemann, Doyle

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $500           Hogan, Patrick

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $300           Clagett, Virginia P.

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $300           Zucker, Craig

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                        $300           Krebs, Susan

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                       $500            Hogan, Patrick

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                       $300            Clagett, Virginia P.

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                       $300            Zucker, Craig

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                       $300            Krebs, Susan

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                       $300            Cane, Rudy

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                       $500            Kramer, Rona E.

Maryland Farm Bureau, PAC                                       $300            Vallario, Joseph F. Jr.

Maryland Farm Bureau, Pac                                         $2000          Otto, (Charles)

Maryland Farm Bureau, Pac                                         $1000          Otto, (Charles)

Maryland Farm Bureau                                                $300            Eckardt, Addie

Maryland Farm Burerau PAC                                       $300            DeGrange, James Ed

Maryland farm bureau pac                                           $1000          Kenney, A. Kaye

Source: Maryland Elections Center


Howard Ernst is a political science professor and author of two books about Chesapeake Bay restoration. You can learn more about Dr. Ernst at his website (www.howardernst.com). The views expressed in this entry are the authors alone and not the official position of his employer or any group.

Science and the Bay

posted Nov 28, 2010, 5:53 PM by Howard Ernst

For decades, discussions about Chesapeake Bay policy have been dominated by the hundreds of environmental organizations that claim to represent the Bay and the hundreds of industry leaders that the environmentalists often oppose. The industry leaders are typically depicted by their environmental opponents as profiting from using the Bay as a cheap and convenient place to dispose of unwanted byproducts (poultry waste, toxic waste from steel production, runoff from developers…). The environmentalists, on the other hand, are viewed by their industrial opponents as championing pie in the sky ideas that are too expensive and too impractical to be taken seriously.

In the traditional arrangement elected officials act as referees between the competing sides, finding common group where they can, promoting compromise when possible, and, more often than not, delaying actions that prove too difficult or too expensive. Few policy makers actually “make” environmental policy at all, more accurately they moderate policy solutions between the desires of environmental groups and the tangible demands of industry leaders. They find electoral comfort in balancing the interests of two competing groups, one group they rely on for votes and the other group they rely on to fund their campaigns.

The problem, of course, is that what is politically expedient is almost never sufficient to actually improve environmental conditions. What this arrangement tends to produce is a series of sub-optimal policies that might slow the downward spiral of ecosystems like the Bay, but that are incapable of actually reversing environmental decline. The policies that survive the policy process tend to be expensive (because the general public is not represented well in the system), tend to let polluters off the hook (because polluters are represented well), and also tend to bring benefits to the environmental groups participate (small grants for their good behavior).

What is gets neglected in the process are the scientific realities that a body of water can take only so much pollution, that watermen can harvest only so many crabs, that living species (humans included) can tolerate only so much exposure to toxins before these natural systems begin to fail. In other words, what gets overlooked in the system is the carrying capacity of nature, which is ultimately not determined by the dreams of environmentalists or the demands of industry, but set by nature and identified by scientists.

The action plan contained on this site are not the desires of “stakeholders” (what we used to call special interest groups), but the consensus of many of the Bay’s leading scientists and policy experts. The plan pulls no punches, makes not claims that saving the Bay will be cheap or easy. It goes beyond wishful thinking, win-win policies, and the bureaucratic happy-talk of adaptive management. Instead, the plan makes specific suggestions that policy makers should consider if they are serious about Bay restoration. In other words, it does what scientists are suppose to do, inform the public debate by setting clear parameters.

Howard Ernst is a political science professor and author of two books about Chesapeake Bay restoration. You can learn more about Dr. Ernst at his website (www.howardernst.com). The views expressed in this entry are the authors alone and not the official position of his employer or any group.

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